May 9th, 2013


Links I found interesting for 09-05-2013


Reforming the Seanad

I've been following the debate on reform of the Seanad (the Irish Senate) with great interest; see here, here, here, here and here. Up to now, my position has been very much in favour of abolition. There is only one other small state in the EU with an upper house (Slovenia); the other ten smaller than Austria (which is federal, and has twice Ireland's population) get by with one, as do Sweden, Hungary, Portugal and Greece. I therefore welcomed Enda Kenny's promise, while in opposition, to abolish the Seanad, and actually found Labour even more compelling in the arguments they made in their manifesto (which, quelle surprise, turn out not to actually be binding on their elected representatives).

However. I am reasonably impressed by a 30-page paper with the title "Radical Seanad Reform through Legislative Change", co-authored by Feargal Quinn, Michael McDowell, Joe O’Toole, Noel Whelan and Katherine Zappone, and published here, here and here. While two of them are serving senators, two of the other three have retired from politics, and Whelan and I wrote a book together exactly ten years ago this spring. Not all details in the paper are correct - Croatia, for instance, went unicameral in 2001 (cf §4.3 on page 18), and not all of them are convincing. But the main argument - that the electoral base for the Seanad is fixed by legislation, not the constitution, and that it could and should be broadened out to include the entire electorate even without a referendum - is thought-provoking.

I found even more interesting the argument for the Seanad's actual contribution to the legislative process. My own criterion for a useful revising chamber in an otherwise unitary state is that it actually revises, and the evidence here, though skimpy, is fairly compelling (note also this comment on one of my previous posts). I now feel that although my gut sympathy remains with the abolitionists, any referendum proposal to abolish the Seanad will need to demonstrate not only that it makes appropriate adjustments to the various other state structures which would need to be altered because they depend on the existence of the Seanad or its Cathaoirleach, but also that it brings in equivalent or better safeguards against hasty legislation by a unicameral Dáil. These needn't be constitutional amendments or even legislation - changes to the Dáil's Standing Orders would probably cut it - but they must be there.

Worth a look if you are interested in upper chambers in general as well.

Tumuli in the neighbourhood

I found out a few weeks ago, greatly to my delight, that the woods near our house are basically full of Bronze Age and Gallo-Roman tumuli. Today being a bank holiday and a fine day, we went out in search of the two nearest (numbered 2 and 3 on the linked map), and found them fairly easily.

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Tumuli in a forest don't photograph well. You need to be on the ground to appreciate why the sudden swell of the land looks obviously and convincingly like a human addition to the land's natural contours. Presumably this mound, rising barely a metre over the surrounding soil, would have been much more impressive when originally constructed.

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And here, the pattern of sunshine and leaves (living and dead) is what catches the eye (quite apart from the lovely human being in the foreground), This one actually had traces of a ditch surrounding it, but I really couldn't see a way of photographing it.

We walk over our ancestors; these mounds are remnants from the Bronze Age, maybe five thousand years ago. They are a message from two hundred generations before our time: look, we were here too, and some part of us remains.