June 17th, 2010


June Books 12) Julian Comstock: A Story of 22nd Century America, by Robert Charles Wilson

Rather fortuitously I read this novel while also working through Gibbon's chapters in The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire on Julian the Apostate, the mid-fourth century Roman emperor who tried to reverse his uncle's adoption of Christianity and failed. (See here, here, here and here.) Julian Comstock, nephew of the 22nd century president of a post-apocalypse America, is modelled a bit on his namesake of 1800 years earlier, though there are some significant differences of detail - Julian Comstock is not promoted to junior co-ruler by his uncle, he is not proclaimed emperor by his own troops, he doen't have to march across a disputed continent to claim the throne, his uncle doesn't conveniently die of natural causes, Julian doesn't then take up arms against the traditional enemy to the East, and then doesn't die in battle. It should also be added that the real Julian the Apostate was a fervent pagan believer rather than an atheist, was never forced to enlist in the army under a false name, and was a writer of polemics and satires - sometimes self-deprecating - but certainly could not have written a musical screenplay about the life of Charles Darwin.

Still, it's interesting to compare the two narratives - Gibbon on Julian the Apostate, Wilson on Julian Comstock - because in the end both are about rulers who acquire imperial office through family relationships and military success, and then try to reverse the evangelical Christian regime established by their predecessors. (I haven't read Gore Vidal's novel Julian, which may be a more direct source than Gibbon for Wilson). There isn't a lot of suspense in either case; we have a pretty good idea how things are going to turn out. The reader's interest in both stories is engaged by the incidental details of the plot and the way in which the story is told.

As to the details, both writers are covering a world we barely recognise. Gibbon has Julian proclaimed Emperor in the great hall of the Roman baths in Paris, which we can still see today. Wilson has the presidential residence located in New York's Central Park. Wilson of course has the harder task here, as he is inventing a setting rather than retrieving it from historical accounts, and there are only three groups of settings described in much detail - the small village where Julian and the narrator grow up, the battlefields of Canada, and New York when Julian arrives as ruler. Wilson's future America has suffered economic and military catastrophe, and seems not to have many non-white people in it (though it does have invading Europeans and persecuted Jews). For Gibbon's past Roman Empire, the big catastrophe is yet to come, though he sees his Julian as the last, lost hope of reversing the Decline and Fall. Each story has a central military set-piece, the army of the West's march from Gaul to the middle Danube and the battle of Goose Bay (in both cases prepared by the central character's earlier military successes) and Wilson has the edge over Gibbon here as he can make up an eyewitness account rather than try to analyse other people's reports.

The most memorable feature of both stories is the way that they are told. The delight of reading Gibbon is that he thinks he is smarter than the reader, and nonchalantly shows it at every stage. Wilson's narrator, Adam Hazzard, is probably not as clever as the reader, and probably not as good a novelist as he thinks he is; luckliy for us, both the woman he falls in love with and his friends Julian and Sam are smarter than he is, and this drives the book's humourous side. As for the central character, though, I found Gibbon's Julian more interesting and convincing than Wilson's. (NB that the author in both cases is sympathetic to the project of rolling back Christianity, though Gibbon disapproves of the details of the attempted restoration of pagan superstition and Wilson's narrator isn't as sure of the virtues of the project in the first place.) The similarity of background and basic plot is there; but Wilson's Julian, once he gains power, starts to become dictatorial while also writing a screenplay about his hero, Darwin; Gibbon's Julian as emperor seems much more consistent in character with his behaviour before gaining power (including his continued literary output).

A final point on languages. Gibbon can nonchalantly throw in extended footnotes in Latin (in fairness, he doesn't do this often) in the expectation that the reader of 1781 will be able to follow the argument without too much difficulty. Wilson has the odd phrase in French (mostly from the narrator's Canadian lover) and most strikingly a letter in Dutch (p. 189) from an enemy soldier, killed in Canada, to his lover; I wonder how many readers will follow it (no translation is given) and get the rather grim joke about the dog on the next page?

Well, that concludes my reading of this year's nominees for the Hugo Award for Best Novel. Without much hesitation, my final ranking is:
  1. Palimpsest
  2. The City & The City
  3. The Windup Girl
  4. Julian Comstock
  5. Boneshaker
  6. Wake

EU summit analysis

The first in a semi-regular series of posts on who is at today's European summit (which as usual is screwing up traffic and public transport - apart from trains, thank heavens - around my office), listed in order of how long they have been in office. Those in italics are not full members (indeed Buzek just gets to say hello at the start of the meeting and then normally has to leave the room).

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Jean-Claude Juncker has been in power for longer than the combined terms of his second and third longest serving colleagues, Jan Peter Balkenende and Matti Vanhanen - both of whom are on their way out, while he remains pretty secure.

14 of the 27 heads of state and government, and the presidents of all three EU institutions, are in the European People's Party. (Though Leterme and Balkenende are on their way out.) 6 (including Fico, who is also on his way out) are in the Party of European Socialists. 4 (including Vanhanen who will be replaced by a party colleague) are Liberals. Politically isolated are Fischer (independent), Christofias (Communist) and Cameron (Tory).

The only woman is Angela Merkel, though the new Finnish PM who takes over tomorrow will improve that score.

The average year of birth is 1956, the year that European Commission President Barroso was born, with 18 of the 30 born between 1951 and 1960 inclusive. 

Silvio Berlusconi is the only leader born before the second world war. His oldest child is older than the Romanian, British and Latvian prime ministers. I am still younger than all of them except the Latvian PM and the new Finnish PM who takes over tomorrow.

To be continued next time...

World Cup Day 8

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I believe that it is still theoretically possible for any of the eight teams in Groups A and B to qualify for the next round; though we are now in the uncomfortable situation that if Uruguay and Mexico draw they both go through no matter what happens between France and South Africa (and yes, I remember 1982).