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I didn't see the TV series that this book accompanies (a four-part drama-documentary filmed in Romania) but it's a good read anyway, framing the 1950's and 1960's competition between the USA and USSR as essentially a competition between two men, Wernher von Braun and Sergei Korolev, who never met but sent each other (and their countries) effective messages by rocket. The Wikipedia page objects that Cadbury is too harsh about Korolev's internal rival Glushko, but otherwise it seems to me an admirable piece of historical reconstruction, paring down the wealth of material available on the American side to match the smaller and more recently revealed archives from the Russian side.

Like most people I suppose I was more familiar with the von Braun story - from building the V2 with slave labour to chief architect of the Saturn V - and Cadbury devotes a lot of the early book to showing how the two men's different experiences of mid-twentieth century totalitarianism shaped their lives; von Braun successfully surrendered to the Americans with most of his team as the Nazi regime collapsed, Korolev imprisoned in the gulag for a decade. It is interesting that von Braun, rather than Korolev, was hampered by internal political constraints, largely because his face didn't fit and through the late 1950s various arms of the US government tried to find other, more American, engineers who would put stuff in space quicker (and they failed).

Having said that, Korolev had to go right to the top, one dispute between him and Glushko being personally resolved by Krushchev. Korolev was also fortunate in that the failures of his programme could be hushed up. But he seems to have had a lucky touch as well; he took a number of chances with the Soviet space programme, including with the lives of the astronauts, which fortunately succeeded (and intimidated the Americans), and after his death in 1966 the wheels came off - Vladimir Komarov killed on re-entry in 1967, the failure of the N1 rocket, the deaths of the Soyuz 11 crew; all problems that might easily have happened on Korolev's watch but somehow didn't.

Unlike a lot of space histories, this one runs out of steam when we get to the moon landing, having lost the central dynamic of the rivalry between the two chief engineers. But there's plenty to think about anyway.


( 2 comments — Leave a comment )
Dec. 27th, 2010 03:48 pm (UTC)
N1 Rocket
I saw the TV show - I can heartily recommend it.

On the subject of the N1 Rocket, I'm not sure that Korolev could have solved its problems in a timely fashion, as the basic flaw was with its design: too many engines. These added to the complexity of the rocket, with a myriad of fuel lines and pumps - but also caused resonances that caused pipes and other workings to break lose with disastrous consequences.

Dec. 27th, 2010 04:07 pm (UTC)
Re: N1 Rocket
In which case Korolev possibly did the smart thing by dying in time to remain a hero, unlike von Braun whose reputation seems to have steadily declined in the last few years of his life as the moon glamour faded and the Nazi stories refused to go away...
( 2 comments — Leave a comment )

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