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15) A Short History of Nearly Everything, by Bill Bryson

As a lapsed scientist myself, not a huge amount of this book was new to me, but I can see why it is popular with people who have never had to crack open a science textbook since leaving school, or even with some who have. Bryson's chatty style, which hasn't always worked for me, carries us fairly effortlessly through the fundamentals of physics, geology and evolutionary biology, with a decent amount of reflection on the men and women behind the scientific theories (though without going very far into the sociology of knowledge).

Two things really jumped out at me, both of which I was vaguely aware of but which Bryson really brought to life: 1) the imminent and catastophic eruption of the Yellowstone caldera, which will wipe out a significantly large chunk of the continental United States; and 2) the catastrophic impact of human fishing on the fauna of our oceans. Definitely losing sleep about both of those now.

Top UnSuggestion for this book: The New Reformation Study Bible. Hmmm.

December Books 16) Notes from a Small Island

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16) Notes from a Small Island, by Bill Bryson

Bryson is an American who has lived in England for many years. This book was written in 1994, and shows its age in some respects (reference to the excellent railway system, jokes about Princess Margaret, Princess Diana and the Queen Mother) but remains a very affectionate take on England and the English by a near-insider. At times his prose rises to the hysterically funny, as in his comparison of the contents of American and British women's magazines in the early 1970s (I hope none of the knitters reading this will take offence):
The articles in my mother's and sister's magazines were always about sex and personal gratification. They had titles like 'Eat Your Way to Multiple Orgasms', 'Office Sex - How to Get it', 'Tahiti: The Hot New Place for Sex' and 'Those Shrinking Rainforests - Are They Any Good for Sex?' The British magazines addressed more modest aspirations. They had titles like 'Knit Your Own Twinset', 'Money-Saving Button Offer', Make This Super Knitted Soap-Saver' and 'Summer's Here - It's Time for Mayonnaise!'
There are some other good one-liners too, such as this on a scientifically interesting part of Dorset:
The Studland peninsula is well known as the only place where you can see all seven British reptiles - the grass snake, smooth snake, adder, slow worm, common lizard, sand lizard and Michael Portillo.
(Note for younger and non-British readers - Portillo was a smirking right-wing politician who seemed a real danger back in 1994, but has since both mellowed and faded from view.)

Bryson is particularly good on architecture, and excoriates the concreting-over of city centres and the worst excrescences of the twentieth century. Here he is on the Warden's Quarters of Merton College, Oxford:
What a remarkable series of improbabilities were necessary to its construction. First, some architect had to design it, had to wander through a city steeped in 800 years of architectural tradition, and with great care conceive of a structure that looked like a toaster with windows. Then a committee of finely educated minds at Merton had to show the most extraordinary indifference to their responsibilities to posterity and say to themselves, 'You know, we've been putting up handsome buildings since 1264; let's have an ugly one for a change.' Then the planning authorities had to say, 'Well, why not? Plenty worse in Basildon.'
He's also very good on hotels, landscapes, food and the general impressions made by a place on the new arrival. He's not very good at getting sympathetic stories from people; most of the characters described in depth are lunatically unhelpful transport officials or hoteliers.

He's also not very good outside England. The Scottish section of the book is surprisingly dull, and the Welsh bits actually offensive (remarks about Asperger's Syndrome, Parkinson's disease, place names that sound like a cat bringing up a hairball). Thank God he didn't take in Northern Ireland in his trip.

Anyway, a book that did make me laugh out loud several times, but more in its first half than in its second.

Top UnSuggestion for this book: A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, by Gilles Deleuze.

August Books 18) Mother Tongue

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18) Mother Tongue, by Bill Bryson. A good read on the history of English, including light on the "vulgar monosyllable" that slovobooks has sometimes muttered about writing up. But a lot of it was recycled from other books on the subject I have read, and some of the facts have dated (five languages spoken in Yugoslavia, for instance). But it's probably a sufficiently engaging non-academic introduction to the subject for those who are afraid of Barber's The Story of Language or Aitchison's Language Change: Progress or Decay. Also I must save up for an Oxford English Dictionary CD-ROM - or find a job with someone who has a work subscription to the on-line version.

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